TR
Avrasya Ekonometri �statistik ve Ampirik Ekonomi DergisiYl:2016 Say: 3 Alan: Makro ktisat

BETL GR
Yabanc? Do?rudan Yat?r?mlar?n Sosyo-Politik De?i?kenlerle ?li?kisinin Panel Regresyon Yard?m?yla Analizi
 
Gelimekte olan lkelerin i tasarruflar genellikle ekonomik kalknma iin yetersiz kalmaktadr. Bu nedenle zellikle sz konusu lkeler yabanc dorudan yatrmlar (FDI) ekebilmek iin ciddi bir rekabet iine girmektedir. Ekonomik ve siyasi adan uygun ortam salayan lkeler, bu yarta ne gemektedir. Yabanc yatrmc da daha dk bir riskle en fazla kr salayabilmek iin ev sahibi lkenin sahip olduu ekonomik ve siyasi faktrleri gz nnde tutarak yatrm yapmaktadr. zellikle, son be yl iinde sosyo-politik deikenlerin karar verme srecinde arlkl nemi artmtr. almann amac; FDI ile sosyo-politik deikenler olan politik risk, yolsuzluk alg endeksi, insani gelime endeksi, terr riski endeksi ve ok boyutlu yoksulluk endeksinin panel regresyon analizi yardmyla ilikilerini ortaya koymak ve yorumlamaktr. Gelimekte olan lkeler iin 2010-2014 yllarn kapsayan analizde ok boyutlu yoksulluk endeksi haricinde tm bamsz deikenlerin FDI zerinde istatistiksel olarak anlaml ve etkili olduu sonucuna ulalmtr.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Yabanc Dorudan Yatrmlar, Panel Regresyon Analizi, Politik Risk, Yolsuzluk Alg Endeksi, nsani Gelime Endeksi, Terr Riski Endeksi, ok Boyutlu Yoksulluk Endeksi


An Analysis of the Relationship Between Foreign Direct Investment and Sociopolitical Factors via the Use of Panel Regression
 
Competitiveness has arisen between countries especially those that have inadequate internal resources because of the attention foreign direct investment has received in financing their development. Those developing countries that have been able to successfully create an environment which is attractive to the foreign investor have enjoyed a higher place among all other developing countries The foreign investor takes into account factors such as economic and political condition of the home country, its labor market and technological infrastructure to make the least costly and most profitable investment while taking as little risk as possible. Especially in the last five years sociopolitical factors have become important in the decision making process. The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between direct foreign investment (FDI) and sociopolitical factors such as political risks, indices of perceived corruption, humanitarian development, risk of terror and multidimensional poverty. The relationship will be brought forth and interpreted via panel regression analysis. The study conducted about developing countries over the years 2010-2014 has demonstrated that all the independent factors with the exception of the index of multidimensional poverty have had a statistically meaningful effect on FDI.

Keywords: Foreign Direct Investment, Panel Regression Analysis, Political Risk, Perceived Corruption Index, Human Development Index, The Terrorism Risk Index, Multidimensional Poverty Index


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