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Avrasya Ekonometri �statistik ve Ampirik Ekonomi DergisiYl:2020 Say: 15 Alan: statistik

Semin PAKSOY
TRK DI TCARET YAPISI VE REKABET GCNN OECD LKELER LE KARILATIRILMASI
 
Gnmz kresel ekonomi artlarnda, lkelerin rekabet gcnn ve etkinliinin artrmasnn yolu retken olmasnn yan sra rettii rnleri ihra edebilmesine baldr. lkenin ihracat gcnn, srdrlebilir ekonomik bymesi zerine nemli katks olduu ynnde yaygn bir inan vardr. Bu nedenle lkeler uluslararas ticaret ve pazar paylarn artrma ynnde aba gstermektedirler. Elde edilen ihra gelirleri ekonomik bymeye katk salamasnn yan sra lkede alt yap, salk, eitim ihtiyalarnn karlanmasna ve sosyal refah salamaya ynelik yeni yatrmlar yaplmasna olanak salayacaktr. Bu almada 2000 - 2009 dnemine ait ihracat yaps ile ilgili deikenlerden yararlanlarak Trkiyenin d ticaret yaps ve rekabet gc, kurucusu bulunduu OECD lkeleri ile karlatrlmaktadr. Analizde veri btnl salanan 31 lke ve uluslararas alanda lkeleri karlatrma amal kullanlan dokuz adet d ticaret rekabet endeksi kullanlmaktadr. Karlatrmada ok kriterli karar verme tekniklerinden biri olan TOPSIS yntemi kullanlmaktadr. Analiz sonucunda, Trkiye'nin d ticaretteki rekabet gcnn 2000 ylndan itibaren dikkate deer bir gelime gsteremedii ancak 2009 ylnda kk bir sramann yapld grlmektedir. Genel olarak 2000 - 2009 yllarnda d ticaret dengesinin kurulamad grlmektedir. Trkiye, hedefledii ihracata dayal byme modeli dorultusunda nemli ve yapsal giriimlere halen ihtiya duymaktadr.

Anahtar Kelimeler: TOPSIS yntemi, lkelerin karlatrlmas, D ticaret yaps, D ticaret endeksleri, Kresel ticaret


COMPARISON OF TURKISH FOREIGN TRADE STRUCTURE AND COMPETITIVENESS POWER WITH OECD COUNTRIES
 
In today's global economic conditions, the way for the countries to increase their competitiveness and effectiveness depends on being able to export the products they produce as well as being productive. There is a widespread belief that the country's export power contributes significantly to sustainable economic growth. Therefore, countries are making great efforts to increase their international trade and market shares. The export revenues obtained will not only contribute to economic growth, but will also enable new investments in the country to meet the needs of infrastructure, health, education and to ensure social welfare. In this study, it is aimed to investigate the Turkey's foreign trade structure and competitiveness power comparing with the OECD countries during the period 2000 - 2009 by employing the TOPSIS method. In the analysis, nine foreign trade competition indexes are used to compare 31 OECD countries with data integrity. Selected variables or indices are widely used in cross country comparison. TOPSIS method, one of the multi-criteria decision making techniques, is used for comparison. Analysis showed that Turkey's competitiveness in foreign trade cannot show a remarkable development since 2000, but it is seen that there has been a small leap in 2009. In general, it is observed that the foreign trade balance could not be established in the all years within the period 2000-2009. Turkey has still required the important and constructive interferences in the line with export-led growth model.

Keywords: TOPSIS method, Country comparison, Foreign trade structure, Foreign trade indices, Global trade


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